Geography of Raigarh

Once a princely state, Raigarh is now a major district in Chhattisgarh well known for its coal reserves and power generation in the country. They are also growing in the tourism sector as well. Raigarh has seen a growth in the number of sightseeing tours offered by the local tourist board and the travel agencies. Like other states in Chhattisgarh, the climate of Raigarh district is mostly dry. You can expect the summer season to be mostly warm and dry while the winter season to be cool and pleasant. The temperature ranges from 29.5 - 49 °C in summer, and 8 - 25 °C in winter hence the perfect time to visit Raigarh is during the autumn and winter season. The city of Raigarh is located at 21.9°N 83.4°E and the main water source in the city is from the Kilo river which flows through the city.

Climate in Raigarh

Geography of RaigarhThe weather in Raigarh varies during different months. In the summer the temperature can vary from 29.5 to 49°C and lasts during the months from March to May. The temperature during this pre-monsoon period increases rapidly during the night and day. It’s usually extremely dry during this time. During the monsoon which last from June to September, the maximum temperature is 38.00C in the month of June and in the month of September the temperature goes down to 24.50C. At times, the monsoon also extends up to mid October. Even though the temperature drops to 17.10C during the nights of October, the official winter season starts from December and goes on to the month of February. The coolest months are from December to January with the minimum temperature going down to 13.20C.

Demography of Raigarh

As per the 2011 census, the city of Raigarh has a population of 1,493,627 which is roughly equivalent to the US state of Hawaii. Therefore it is given the rank of 336th in India out of a total of 640. Their population density is of 211 inhabitants per square kilometer and the growth rate over the period from 2001 to 2011 was 18.02%. They also have a higher literacy rate compared to other states in the country with the literacy number going up to of 73.7% and the sex ratio consists of 993 females for every 1000 males. There is also a mixture of religious practices here with a majority of 80% of Hindus, 15% Christians and another 5% consists of other religions. The languages spoken here are Chhattisgarhi, Hindi, Marwari, Oriya and also Asuri, which is an Austroasiatic language spoken by approximately 17 000.

Topography of Raigarh

The district of Raigarh has an amazing topography. In the northern region of Raigarh you will find slightly rugged topography with ridges and isolated hills of Cuddapah which run towards the North West and south east direction. The southern portion of Gharghoda tahsil is slightly hilly. The Kamthi Sandstones make up the low hills here and are covered with fairly dense jungle. The plains that are in the south of Raigarh are unnoticeably sloping to the south and forms a part of the Mahanadi valley which consists of rich paddy fields.

Geology of Raigarh

This region is mostly made up of basalts which consists of fine grained equigranular and due to the texture of these basalts there is a very low capacity for water seepage. The rock types here usually remain uniform. The entire region is abundant with trees and grasses with roots that extend up to the underlying rocks.

Rivers in Raigarh

The main rivers found in this district are the Kelo, Mand, and Mahanadi rivers. The Mand and Kilo are tributary rivers of the Mahanadi River. The Kelo River is an incredibly important source of water in the district of Raigarh as it runs through the forest and irrigates the agricultural lands. It is also a very important drinking water source for those living in Raigarh. The total length of the Kelo River is 112.60 km and it joins Mahanadi near village Mahadeopali, district. The Mand river in Raigarh is 174km and it originates from the north part of the Manpat plane of the Sarguja district. It runs about seven km. away from Sardenga of Dharmjaigarh tehsil and proceeds to enter the Gharghoda, Raigarh tehsil, later, it finally joins the Mahanadi river near Chandrapur area of Janjgir – Champa district.

Geographical Details of Raigarh

Country: India
State: Chhattisgarh
Population (2011)
• Total 1,493,627 (2,011 census)
• Urban:246,281
Sex ratio: 1000/985
Climate:
Summer Temperature: 49°C (maximum), 21°C (minimum)
Winter Temperature: 25°C (maximum), 8°C (minimum)
Location: 21.9°N 83.4°E


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